Pacific Legacy

Projects by Industry Image


The 1997 congressional mandate to build and update the nation’s communications infrastructure resulted in an explosion of new construction projects for fiber optic networks, cell towers and other wireless communication facilities. Deregulation and competition within the communications industry has led to a fast-paced regulatory environment in which compliance with NEPA, CEQA, NHPA, and state and local permit conditions demands a creative, extremely efficient approach to cultural resources management. Pacific Legacy has met the challenge, providing services that meet the needs of our clients while respecting the concerns of stakeholders in what are often contentious circumstances. We have successfully completed communications projects for GST, Worldcom, Sprint, Cingular, Verizon, Broadwing, Level 3 Communications, Pacific Bell, Southern Crossing, American Tower Corp., Crown Castle Incorporated, Nextel, Qwest, AT&T and Sygma Networks.

Communications Image 01Fiber Optic Transmission

Pacific Legacy has developed protocols for the conduct of cultural resources studies for all phases of fiber optic network projects, from pre-construction identification of cultural resources issues to procedures for inadvertent discoveries. In response to the need to prevent expensive delays on these linear projects, Pacific Legacy has also developed a construction monitoring handbook for project managers to ensure that monitors are in place at the appropriate times by allowing our field personnel to assess the need for monitoring along a construction route. We successfully implemented this approach on the Level 3 Communications San Francisco/San Jose Internodal Project, resulting in predictable, rapid, and efficient management responses. Our staff has considerable experience in preparing NEPA documentation for fiber optic projects, including Affected Environment, Consultation, Assessment of Effects and Mitigation sections required by federal permitting agencies. For our California clients, we have prepared cultural resources sections for new and modified Certificates of Public Convenience and Necessity required by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC). Our staff routinely provides Cultural Resources Sensitivity Training for project managers and construction crews.

Communications Image 02Cellular Communications

Wireless communication facilities are generally licensed by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and subject to an Environmental Assessment under NEPA. For new facilities, scoping the required level of investigation can be a daunting task resulting from the location and landscape features of the proposed project. Project sightings and new builds also require compliance with Section 106, while collocation projects are usually exempt under the FCC’s Programmatic Agreement for Collocation of Wireless Antennas. Pacific Legacy has developed a checklist to assist our clients in identifying the regulatory authorities involved in various project types, and scoping the level of effort needed to comply with NEPA and Section 106 based on our experience with cellular projects in Arizona, California, Hawai`i, Nevada and Oregon. The checklist includes an initial literature search, Native American consultation, and project description with site photographs to screen proposed projects for compliance requirements, which enables us to offer streamlined investigations and report documentation that meet the requirements of these State Historic Preservation Offices. We have conducted studies for many of the major carriers including Sprint, Cingular, Nextel, SBC Pacific Bell, and Verizon. Specific projects have included the Kilauea Japanese Cemetery, Kilauea, Kaua`i Cellular Tower Placement; the Waimea Parsonage, Kaua`i Cellular Tower Placement; the Kualoa Bunker, O`ahu Cell Tower Placement; the Dairy Road, Maui Cell Tower Placement; and a survey of dozens of cell tower locations for Verizon.